Aerobic And Anaerobic Exercises

Aerobics is basically a form of aerobic exercise with the purpose of improving one's overall fitness that includes muscular strength, flexibility and cardio-vascular health. The development of this particular method of exercise, termed aerobic, was attributed to Dr. Kenneth Cooper and Col. Pauline Potts.

Puzzled by people with excellent muscular strength to perform poorly in such simple physical tasks as walking, running, swimming or bicycling, Dr. Cooper started measuring people's abilities to use oxygen doing these physical activities.

Later, he published a book which provided the exercise methods that became the basis for today's modern aerobics programs.

Aerobic exercise

In a literal sense, "aerobic" means "with oxygen". It is the use of oxygen in the manufacturing of energy as performed by the muscles.

Aerobic exercise is any type of physical exercise performed at moderate levels of intensity for a period of time. In this exercise, oxygen is used to "burn" fats and sugar to produce adenosine triphosphate which is the basic carrier of energy in the cellular level.

In order for fats to burn completely during a physical exercise, it needs oxygen. The moderation required in an aerobic exercise enables the muscle cells to be continuously supplied with enough oxygen.

Examples of aerobic activity would include running long distance at moderate speed. (Sprinting is not an aerobic exercise.) Playing single tennis is considered an aerobic activity because the action is near-continuous. Golf and doubles tennis, however, are not considered aerobic activities because of their more frequent breaks.


Aerobics is the general term used for exercises that combine several elements

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